World Logic Day 2024

The World Logic Day is an international day promoted by Professor Jean-Yves Beziau, proclaimed by UNESCO in association with the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (CIPSH) in November 2019 to be celebrated on January 14 every year. WLD intends to bring the intellectual history, conceptual significance and practical implications of logic to the attention of interdisciplinary science communities and the breath public.

To celebrate WLD 2024 we organized a day of lectures on “Logic, Society and AI” on January 15.

Lorenzo Magnani (University of Pavia, Italy) pointed on results of his important research about the relation between logical fallacies and abduction considered as inference to the best explanation. In particular, he describes how in an agent-based reasoning this kind of fallacies exemplified in informal logic can in some cases be redefined and considered as a good way of reasoning.

Gianfranco Basti explored the nowadays crucial problem of the conditions for attributing to AI autonomous systems the ontological status of “artificial moral agents”in the context of the “distributed responsibility” between humans and machines in Machine Ethics. He underscores the necessity of “ethical constrains” in Machine Learning and of an “ethical reasoner” according to deontic higher order logic.

Raffaela Giovagnoli investigated the dimensions of habitual behavior to face the (1) problem of the reduction of complexity in the social life and (2) the ground of cooperation in social practices and their rituals. The question of cooperation is central in the debate on We-intentionality or Collective Intentionality. She briefly introduced the debate and the theoretical aspects of these complex issues and suggested to investigate habitual behavior that represents a fundamental part of the nature of human beings in both individual and social contexts.

See here the presentations of the lectures:

Lorenzo Magnani (Università di Pavia, Italy): Fallacies, Abduction and the Eco-Cognitive Openness | ppt
Gianfranco Basti (Pontificia Università Lateranense, Vatican): The Machine Ethics Challenge in AI – Autonomous AI System as Artificial Moral Agents | pdf
Raffaela Giovagnoli (Pontificia Università Lateranense, Vatican, and GSIS, Vienna): The Role of Habitual Behavior in Social Ontology | pdf


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